Russian Nenets Reindeer Herders Tour Rusiaa Private Tour

Yamal - Reindeer Nomads Festival 2022

Northern Russia

  • Spring Tours
10 Days
2 Flights
Not Child Friendly

This is a journey to the far north part of Russia, beyond the Arctic Circle, to the land of the Nenets. The Nenets, an ethnic group of Samoyed origin, retain to date their old traditions and migration routes, living off their immense reindeer herds. Get to experience life in Arctic Siberia up-close for a once in a lifetime ethnological experience in the vast Siberian tundra. Join us on a journey of discovery through some of the least traveled parts of the globe for an authentic encounter with Siberia's hospitable nomads.

Please read below concerning the travel condition of this rough trip.



Day 1. 22 March 2022. Arrival in Moscow

Arrive in Moscow and make your way to the Radisson Blu Hotel at Sheremetyevo Airport. Your room will be booked on your name . Just show your passport at the reception to check-in the room. (if you arrive in a different airport in Moscow, and would like us to arrange a transfer to Radisson Blu, please let us know in advance). Your guide shall contact you in the evening for further details.

Day 2. 23 March 2022. Flight to Nadym and on the to the reindeer herders

  • Dinner

After midnight, walk to the terminal to check-in for the domestic flight to Nadym. Once in Nadym meet the local team, board the 6X6 Trekol vehicle, a Russian all-terrain vehicle that can drive in the tundra throughout the year, whether in the freezing winter or through the endless summer swamps where mighty rivers cross these plains, making them nearly impassible even for the reindeer.

At this time of year, many of the Yamal Peninsula’s biggest reindeer herds will be not far from Nadym. Depart Nadym to an encampment of nomadic Nenets reindeer herders who own several thousands deer. Due to the massive sizes of the herds, the nomads are constantly on the move in search of new pastures for their livestock. Two to four times a week they have to take down their entire camp, pack it onto sledges and migrate to a new area. This is really one of the highlights of the trip, and we will do our utmost to make sure you attend at least one such occasion. Once at the herders’ camp, settle in one (or few, depending on group size) chums (the traditional tents of the Nenets, made of deer skin) for a good rest after the long journey here.

Day 3. 24 March 2022. With the reindeer herders

  • Breakfast
  • Lunch
  • Dinner

For the coming three days stay with the Nenets, a tiny ethnic minority belonging to the Samoyed people. The Nenets have their own unique language, which is completely unrelated to Russian. They maintain the world’s longest and most enduring migrating routes - up to 2000 kilometers annually. The lives of these nomads, who have no permanent residence ,are centred around never-ending physical work. Lassoing the deer, butchering them, enjoying a meal of raw deer meat (their favorite type of food), sewing deer skin clothes or producing sleds are all parts of their lives we may witness. The coming two nights will be spent with the family, allowing the visitors an up-close encounter with the Nenets’ ancient traditions and unique culture that cannot be experienced anywhere else on the globe. Sleep on comfy reindeer furs, serving as mattresses, eat the traditional food of the nomads and overall – indulge in a pure Nenets experience without the comforts of western life.

Day 4. 25 March 2022. To the land of Gulags

  • Breakfast
  • Lunch

Leave the nomads and embark on a long journey on a zimnik, a temporary winter road that does not exist in summer. While the infrastructure in the far north of Russia is obviously under-developed, during wintertime, when the tundra freezes, a network of roads opens up across the region. Travel on them can be pretty rough, but is the only way to get around. The zimnik we take is of particular interest, as it runs parallel to the infamous 501 Salekhard-Igarka Railway of Death, a 1500km railway that Stalin tried to build along the Arctic Circle using prisoners of gulag concentration camps for labor. It was abandoned after his death but in many places the tracks remain, as do plenty of bridges and the gulag camps where the prisoners lived. Some have around 20 – 30 wooden houses still standing as well as watchtowers and barbed wire fences. In the afternoon we arrive at one of these Gulags which has been renovated by a hermit called Uncle Vasya who lives here by hunting, fishing and picking berries and mushrooms. We will have lunch here and anyone who wants can visit Uncle Vasya for a glass of vodka and some semi-coherent stories about his past. Afterwards we continue this exhausting road trip, arriving late in the evening in the city of Salekhard.

Day 5. 26 March 2022. The reindeer herders’ festival

  • Breakfast

Reindeer Herders’ annual festival in Salekhard is held out on the frozen ice of a river. Hundreds of nomads come to compete in traditional sports such as reindeer racing, wrestling, lassoing, tug of war and more. This is one of the world’s largest gathering of reindeer herders, where friends and relatives get to celebrate for one day, leaving behind the hardships of their daily routine and creating a very festive atmosphere. Overnight in hotel.

Days 6-8. 27-29 March 2022. Reindeer and muskoxen

  • Breakfast
  • Lunch
  • Dinner

Leave Salekhard for another 5 - 6 hours’ drive to another encampment of reindeer herders. These nomads live in an area inhabited by a one of the region’s largest muskox herds. The muskox is a unique genus and despite their ox-like appearance, they are more closely to sheep and goats than to oxen. Its scientific name is Ovibos, which in Latin means sheep-ox. It is also known as the animal with the thickest fur. While those who have traveled in the Himalaya will note the obvious resemblance between the Himalayan Yak and the Muskox, they are in fact very distant relatives. The large herds that now roam the northern fringes of the world are an excellent example of wildlife conservation. Once highly-prized game for its delicious meat and high quality fur, the Muskox is now a globally protected species. With excellent implementation of conservation laws throughout the globe, the species has managed to recover and is now thriving in northern America, northern Europe and Siberia. We spend two days with the nomadic family, immerse ourselves in their daily routine and take excursions to view the large herd of muskox.

Day 9. 30 March 2022. A buffer day in Salekhard

  • Breakfast

Today serves as a buffer, or safety day. While the program above sounds seamless and simple, the hurdles involved with the logistics of such a trip are immensely complicated and extremely vulnerable to sometimes unpredictable weather conditions. This day is our safety zone to make sure the group arrives in time for the flight back to Moscow in case the ice melts down earlier than expected, roads are blocked, a snow storm makes travel impossible or it simply takes longer than expected to reach the reindeer herders. If all goes like clockwork and we arrive in Salekhard as planned, the day will be dedicated to exploring this rural provincial capital. We will visit the ancient fort that was built here by the first Russian explorers and traders to settle in this remote land, exploiting profitable trading relationships with the Nenets and setting the foundation for Russian expansion into the east, now known as Siberia. Salekahrd later became a center for some of the most infamous Gulag camps and one of the best known “guests” was Trotsky, sent here for re-education and forced labor before he was deported to Mexico, where he was brutally murdered by NKVD agents. We roam the streets of Salekhard, stop by small shops, and feel the vibe of life in Russia away from the glitz and glummer of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Overnight in a hotel in Salekhard.

Day 10. 31 March 2022. The long way out of Russia

  • Breakfast

After an early morning check-out we drive to Salekhard airport for the flight to Moscow. The flight arrives early enough in Moscow to connect to the departing flight out of Russia and back home on the same day.

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Dates & Pricing

Trip rates valid for two confirmed travelers and above. If you are booking this trip for a party of four travelers or more, please contact us for our special rates.

[email protected] reserves the right to change tour prices and programs due to changes in flight schedule, changes in airfares, and other local circumstances.

Prices are based on twin share occupancy.

Discounted rates for groups of 8 travelers and above:
4 travelers- US$6900/ person
6 travelers- US$6900/ person
8 travelers- US$6610/ person

  • Applicable only for travel groups of 4 people or more booking their trip together.

22nd March, 2022–31st March, 2022

  • $9,500 Per Person (From 2 people)
  • $700 Single Room Supplement

Additional Information

  • Flights Moscow - Salekhard - Moscow
  • All ground transportation while in Yamal
  • All accommodation (hotel in Moscow and Salekhard. Staying with families on on warm, soft reindeer furs)
  • All meals while with the nomads
  • All permits required for the region
  • English speaking guide
  • Fees to the Nenets
  • Satellite phone for emergency calls

  • Food in Moscow, Salekhard, Labytnangi, Nadym
  • Personal travel insurance or medical insurance
  • International flights
  • Personal expenses
  • Western clothing or equipment. You will need a sleeping bag, western boots, very warm western clothing and so on.
  • Permit for using a drone. This can be acquired for 20,000 rubles.
  • Satellite phone for personal or work-related calls. You can purchase minutes for 150 rubles per minute.

Note: this trip travels through areas where travel-related infrastructure does not exist and through areas where people are simply not impressed by foreigners coming from afar to see them, their lives, and the environment they inhabit. We eat whatever we are served (if and when we are served) and sleep on any sort of flat surface available. In return, we’ll get to travel through some places that are rarely traveled by outsiders, if at all. We’ll get to meet the locals in a way very few do, and get to learn about the history of traditions that go generations back. The trip has a pace of its own- we stop with the nomads to experience their life up close, waiting for special events (like migration or animal slaughter) to happen. Things will happen at a slower pace than the regular highlight-to-highlight trip. The trip takes place through extreme weather conditions, and weather might dictate the trip’s pace in case of snowstorms, melting ice, or blocked roads. This is a trip for those willing to compromise their comfort (a lot!), and are curious to visit some of the world’s most remote regions and the people inhabiting these regions.

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